Audio crossovers are a class of electronic filter used in audio applications. Most individual loudspeaker drivers are incapable of
covering the entire audio spectrum from low frequencies to high frequencies with acceptable relative volume and absence of
distortion so most hi-fi speaker systems use a combination of multiple loudspeaker drivers, each catering to a different frequency band.
Crossovers split the audio signal into separate frequency bands that can be separately routed to loudspeakers optimized for those bands.
Active crossovers are distinguished from passive crossovers in that they divide the audio signal prior to amplification.
Active crossovers come in both digital and analog varieties.
Digital active crossovers often include additional signal processing, such as limiting, delay, and equalization.
Signal crossovers allow the audio signal to be split into bands that are processed separately before they are mixed together again.
Some examples are: multiband dynamics
(compression, limiting, de-essing), multiband distortion, bass enhancement, high frequency exciters, and
noise reduction such as Dolby A noise reduction.